Kathmandu is the capital city of Nepal. It is surrounded by a valley full of history, art, culture, and economy. Its rich history is nearly 2000 years old. It is the largest city in Nepal where is living mostly in Hindu and Buddhist multi-ethnic groups and a few others.
Nepal’s International Airport in Kathmandu is the gateway to Nepal Tourism, which is the nerve center of the country’s economy. Thamel is a tourist area in Kathmandu.
Kathmandu has four mixed cultural and historical World Heritage Sites recognized by UNESCO. We offer a private day tour package that covers must-sees in Kathmandu.
Kathmandu Valley was a lake more than 2000 years ago. Swayambu Hill existed as an island at a lake. On top of that hill stood a natural crystal stupa. Buddha, when visiting the place, declared that it was a wish-fulfilling stupa and whoever is touched by the wind that passes over the stupa receives the seed of liberation from the cycle of existence.
Swayambu word is coming from the Sanskrit language, which means “self-existent one”. A wisdom Buddha Manjushri came to visit Lake and crystal stupa from China. Then, Buddha Manjushri drained the lake and made the crystal stupa accessible to people. The glory of Kathmandu Valley is said to have started from this point. Throughout the centuries countless Buddhist masters from India, Tibet, China, Bhutan, and Sri Lanka have visited the Swayambunath Stupa. It is also known as the “Monkey Temple” from the 1970s. The stupa is surrounded by various types of trees where red monkeys are always living.
Kathmandu Valley can see all directions from the top of Swayambunath Hill. The Stupa complex is famous for the Five Buddha families, Green Tara, Dorje (thunderbolt), Buddha Manjusri, Sakyamuni Buddha, Malla Towers, Hariti Temple, Santipura building, Drukpa Kagyu Monastery, Shri KarmaRaja Maha Vihara, and Dewa Dharma Monastery. Behind the hilltop is a temple of Saraswati (the Goddess of learning). Amideva Buddha Park features three giant golden statues of Buddha, located inside the compound of Swayambunath just off the bustling Ring Road of the city.
The major festivals include Temal Jatra, Buddha Jayanti (the birthday of Sakyamuni Buddha), and Saraswati puja are presented in the Swayambunath complex.
Kathmandu Durbar Square:
Kathmandu Durbar Square is locally known as the Hanuman-Dhoka Durbar. The name is Hanuman-Dhoka Durbar came from the statue of Hanuman (monkey face god) established by King Pratap Malla at the entrance of the royal place in 1672 A.D. It is located at the heart of the ancient city of Kathmandu. It is a complex royal place with beautiful temples and shrines. Most of them are built in the pagoda style embellished with intricately carved exteriors, built between the 12th to 18 centuries. The kings of Nepal were crowned and their coronations were solemnized here. Until the early 20th century the Durbar Square was the King’s residence. Now, it is a living open museum of Nepal. All the carvings and architecture in this area are exceptionally fine which makes the architecture in this Durbar Square among the most important sights for travelers to see.
The Durbar Square area is actually made up of two sub-areas. The outer complex is renowned for numerous interesting temples such as Kumari Ghar, Kasthmandap, Shiv-Parbati Temple, Jagannath Temple, Big Bell, etc. The inner complex is the old palace area covered by Nasal Chowk, Mul Chowk, Sundari Chowk, Lohan Chowk, Basantapur Durbar, and others. There are many temples in the inner complex also, the most notable being the Taleju Temple dedicated to the female royal deity.
The major festivals include Indra Jatra, Kumari Jatra, Dashain Jatra, Gaai Jatra, and Machhindranath Jatra are presented in Durbar Square. These are the occasion when people from all over the city gather here to mark their centuries-old traditions.
Pashupatinath is one of the most sacred Hindu Temples of Nepal that is located on the banks of the Holy River Bagmati. Dedicated to Lord Shiva, built in the 5th century and later renovated by Malla kings, the site itself is said to have existed from the beginning of the millennium when a Shiva lingam was discovered. It is the largest temple complex in Nepal including 492 temples and monuments.
Maha Shiva Ratri (the great night of Shiva), Bala Chaturthi, and Teej are major festivals celebrated in the Pashupatinath each year. Teej is celebrated by Hindu Nepali women for the long life and happiness of their husbands. From Nepal and India, hundreds of thousands of Sadhu (holy men) get together in Maha Shiva Ratri at Pasupati.
The Great Boudhanath Stupa:
The Great Boudhanath Stupa is just 2.5km from the Pashupatinath temple. It is the tallest (43.25m in height) and largest spherical (120ft in diameter) Stupas in Asia. It is believed that The Great Stupa was built during the Kashyap Buddha’s end period and the beginning period of Shakyamuni Buddha. It has become a common monument of people all over the world. The Great Stupa is also called the Stupa of Enlightenment or Bodhi Stupa. It is one of the major destinations of pilgrims who gather daily to make a kora (ritual circumnavigation) of the Great Stupa. The best time to visit Boudhanath is in the afternoon when all the monasteries open around the Great Stupa between 15:00 PM to 17:00 PM.
Besides the Stupa, Guru Lhakhang, Samteling, and Jhamchen Lhakhang monasteries are most seen in the Boudha area.
Buddha Jayanti (the birthday of Buddha), Mamla Jatra, Temal Jatra, and Losar are major festivals celebrated in the Boudhanath each year.