High Camp Trekking > Nepal > Wildlife

The wildlife of Nepal includes its flora and fauna. Many tourists visit Nepal not only see the Himalaya but also wildlife. Nepal has common and protected wildlife. A large variety of animals and plants grows in the tropical to the arctic climate of Nepal.


There are 185 species of mammals found in various parts of Nepal. South of Nepal is also known as Tarai. It has a dense jungle which home of animals such as Grater one-horned rhinoceros, Asiatic elephants, and Bengal tigers. In Tarai, it also found the leopard, langur, Rhesus monkey, hyena, jackal, wild boar, antelope, wild cat, wolf, sloth bear, chital (spotted deer), barking deer, Arna (wild water buffalo), swamp deer and endangered blackbucks.

The Himalayan region is home to endangered snow leopard and panda. It also found musk deer, blue sheep, Thar (wild goat), pika, marmot, and wild yak at high altitudes.

The dolphins are found in the fresh waters of Narayani and Karnali Rivers. Snow trout founds in Rara Lake.

Nepal has two indigenous species of crocodile. The gharial crocodile with a long narrow snout with a unique appearance and the danger crocodile with marsh mugger eats anything it can catch around. There are several types of snakes found in Tarai like cobras, vipers, kraits, and Indian python. The turtles and monitor lizards also found in the south of Nepal.

Nepal is also a haven for birds and butterflies. The tourists come to Nepal to see birds and butterflies every year. Nepal has more than 800 species of birds; about half of them live in Tarai. The spiny babbler is a unique bird species only found in the middle hilly region of Nepal. The pheasant (national bird of Nepal) found at elevation 2500m to 4000m from sea level and Tibetan duck in high alpine lakes.

Nepal’s national flower is Rhododendron that blooms in spring at elevation 1500 to 3500m. Nepal has 27 varieties of Rhododendrons. Juniper and conifer found in Nepal Himalaya. Some Himalayan herbals can use as medicine propose. Mostly, the Sal trees found in Tarai. Sal is a hardwood species that is unusually resistant to rotting and to attacks of hungry insects. The local saying has it that a Sal will grow for a century, then it will fall, and then will lay there intact for another hundred.

Nepal has several national parks and conservation areas to keep the eco-system continue.


List of National Parks:

  • Banke National Park (550 sq. km).
  • Bardiya National Park (968 sq. km).
  • Chitwan National Park (952.63 sq. km).
  • Khaptad National Park (225 sq. km)
  • Langtang National Park (1710 sq. km)
  • Makalu Barun National Park (1500 sq. km)
  • Parsa National Park (627.39
  • Rara National Park (106 sq. km)
  • Sagarmatha National Park (1148 sq. km)
  • She-Phoksundo National Park (3555 sq. km)
  • Shivapuri Nagarjun National Park (159 sq. km)
  • Shukla Phanta National Park (305 sq. km)

List of Conservation Areas:

  • Annapurna Conservation Area (7629 sq. km)
  • Api Nampa Conservation Area (1903 sq. km)
  • Gaurishankar Conservation Area (2179 sq. km)
  • Kanchenjunga Conservation Area (2035 sq. km)
  • Krishnasaar Conservation Area (16.95 sq. km)
  • Manaslu Conservation Area (1663 sq. km)

List of Wildlife Reserves:

  • Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve (176 sq. km)

List of Hunting Reserves:

  • Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve (1325 sq. km)

Bardiya and Chitwan National Parks are famous for the jungle safari. It tops the things to do in Nepal now a day. These two are Asia’s best National Parks to see wildlife.

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